Archives: Patent Litigation

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ITC Doubles Down On Its Interpretation Of Section 337’s Domestic Industry Requirement

Just one month after the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) issued an important decision in Certain Solid State Storage Drives, Stacked Electronics Components, and Products Containing Same, Inv. No. 337-TA-1097 holding that labor, capital, and employment investments in non-manufacturing activities, such as engineering and research and development, can satisfy Section 337’s domestic industry requirement (see … Continue Reading

ALJ Cheney Grants Motion To Terminate Based On Arbitration Agreement

Just a few days after denying a motion to terminate in Certain Color Intraoral Scanners and Related Hardware and Software, Inv. No. 337-TA-1091, Order No. 23 (May 18, 2018) that was based on a forum selection clause in a prior agreement between private parties (see our prior post), Administrative Law Judge Cheney granted a motion to … Continue Reading

The Federal Circuit Shuts the Door on Use of Tribal Immunity in IPRs

The Federal Circuit has rejected Allergan’s ploy to shield its Restasis patents from the scrutiny of inter partes review by assigning them to the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe, finding that tribal immunity does not apply in such proceedings.  The case is Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe, Allergan, Inc., v. Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc., et al., Case No. 18-1638, … Continue Reading

Subsidiary’s Facility Qualifies as a Regular and Established Place of Business of the Parent for Patent Venue Purposes

A recent decision from the US District Court for the Western District of Texas suggests that district courts are taking a more expansive view of what constitutes a “regular and established place of business” for purposes of establishing venue in patent infringement cases.  Board of Regents, The Univ. of Texas Sys. v. Medtronic PLC, Case … Continue Reading

USITC Issues Important Opinion Concerning Section 337’s Domestic Industry Requirement

The U.S. International Trade Commission issued an important opinion on Friday concerning Section 337’s “domestic industry” requirement, holding that investments in non-manufacturing activities, such as engineering and research and development, can be used to satisfy the required “significant investment in U.S. plant and equipment” or “significant employment of U.S. labor or capital.” The Commission’s opinion … Continue Reading

A Forum Selection Clause Provides No Basis For Terminating A Section 337 Investigation

Does a forum selection clause in a pre-existing agreement between opposing parties in a Section 337 investigation provide grounds for terminating the investigation?  A recent decision of Administrative Law Judge Cheney in Certain Color Intraoral Scanners and Related Hardware and Software, Inv. No. 337-TA-1091, Order No. 23 (May 18, 2018) concludes that the answer is … Continue Reading

U.S. Supreme Court Opens the Door to Allow Patent Owners to Recover Foreign Lost Profits

The United States Supreme Court ruled on Friday that a patent owner can, at least in some situations, recover lost profits for the unauthorized use of its patented technology abroad.  The 7-2 decision in WesternGeco LLC v. ION Geophysical Corp. overturned the Federal Circuit’s opinion, which relied on the presumption against extraterritorial application of U.S. … Continue Reading

Seeking Attorneys’ Fees Under the Patent Act? Early and Clear Notice of an Opposing Party’s Deficient Litigation Conduct Is a Prerequisite for a Successful Motion

The Federal Circuit recently issued a precedential decision in Stone Basket Innovations, LLC v. Cook Medical LLC, No. 2017-2330 that has important ramifications for litigants seeking attorneys’ fees under Section 285 of the Patent Act. Section 285 authorizes a court to award reasonable attorneys’ fees to the prevailing party in “exceptional cases.”  In Octane Fitness, … Continue Reading

Failure To Name Joint Inventors May Bar Patentability

Following a rejection by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) under section 102(f) for a rehabilitative dog harness, the Federal Circuit recently affirmed the rejection because the applicant “did not himself solely invent the subject matter sought to be patented.”  In re VerHoef, No. 2017-1976 (Fed. Cir. May 3, 2018). Jeff VerHoef built … Continue Reading

USITC Finalizes Amendments To Procedural Rules Governing Section 337 Investigations

The U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) has published in the Federal Register final revisions to its rules of practice and procedure governing Section 337 investigations, the investigations that the ITC conducts under 19 U.S.C. § 1337 based on private party complaints against imported articles that allegedly violate U.S. intellectual property rights.  This completes a process … Continue Reading

U.S. Corporate Defendants Incorporated In Multi-District States Reside Only In A Single District For Patent Venue Purposes

In the third important patent venue decision it has issued in the past week (In re: BigCommerce, No. 2018-122 (May 15, 2018)), the Federal Circuit has clarified the proper location for patent infringement suits against U.S. corporations whose state of incorporation is large enough to have multiple federal judicial districts.  According to the Court, a … Continue Reading

Federal Circuit Finds Patent Venue Over Alien Corporations Is Proper In Any District

In an important patent venue decision (In re HTC Corporation, No. 2018-130 (May 9, 2018)), the Federal Circuit has denied the mandamus petition of a Taiwanese company challenging the District of Delaware’s finding that that court is a proper venue for patent infringement litigation over the company.  Relying on the Supreme Court’s decision in Brunette Machine … Continue Reading

Incorporation by Reference Is Not a Substitute for a Specific Priority Claim

Under 35 U.S.C. § 120, an application claiming benefit to the filing date of an earlier application must include a “specific reference” to the earlier filed application. In Droplets, Inc. v. E*TRADE Bank, No. 2016-2504, 2016-2602 (April 19, 2018), the Federal Circuit considered the use of incorporation by reference when asserting priority claims. The Federal … Continue Reading

Oil States Energy Services, LLC v. Greene’s Energy Group, LLC, et al.: The Magic Happens Around the Word “Franchise”

In Oil States Energy Services, LLC v. Greene’s Energy Group, LLC, et al  the Supreme Court found that inter partes review is constitutional under Article III and the Seventh Amendment of the Constitution in a 7-2 opinion delivered by Justice Thomas. The Court determined that inter partes review falls “squarely” within the public rights doctrine.  … Continue Reading

Texas Court Finds IPR Estoppel Extends To Grounds That Could Have Been Raised In Joinder Petition

U.S. patent law provides that any patent challenger initiating an inter partes review (IPR) proceeding at the United States Patent & Trademark Office (PTO) “may not assert” an invalidity ground in a patent case in U.S. district court or in the U.S. International Trade Commission that it “raised or reasonably could have raised during that inter partes review.”  Despite … Continue Reading

USITC Declines To Designate An Antitrust-Based Section 337 Investigation For Early Disposition

Under a pilot program initiated in 2013, the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) may designate an investigation for early disposition if it believes that there is a potentially case-dispositive issue warranting the program’s speedy (100-day) treatment.  Since the program’s inception, the ITC has employed it sparingly, with only a handful of investigations garnering entry into … Continue Reading

The Federal Circuit Will Decide Whether Sovereign Immunity Can be Used to Escape Patent Invalidation by the PTAB – If the Supreme Court Finds Inter Partes Review Constitutional

When Allergan assigned its Restasis patents to the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe last September, so that sovereign immunity could be used to help prevent their invalidation by the Patent Trial and Appeals Board (PTAB), politicians and the public cried foul. This past month, after the PTAB decided that sovereign immunity did not apply and scheduled … Continue Reading

USITC Institutes Antitrust-Based Section 337 Investigation

Just days after affirming an administrative law judge’s decision to dismiss price fixing claims brought under Section 337 against numerous foreign steel companies for failing to plead “antitrust injury” (see our prior post), the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) has issued a notice announcing institution of another investigation involving antitrust claims (Certain Programmable Logic Controllers … Continue Reading

Exergen Corp. v. Kaz USA Represents Another In A String Of Recent Setbacks For Patent Infringement Defendants On Eligibility Challenges

For a third time in the past thirty days, a Judge Moore-led panel has found in favor of a patent owner defending its claims from an eligibility challenge under Section 101.  In Exergen Corp. v. Kaz USA, Inc., Nos. 2016-2315, 2016-2341 (March 8, 2018), a panel majority (Moore, Bryson) upheld a lower court’s post-trial ruling … Continue Reading

Does Aatrix Software Provide Software Patent Owners Shelter From The “Alice Storm”?

On February 14, 2018, a Federal Circuit panel in Aatrix Software, Inc. v. Green Shades Software, Inc., No. 2017-1452, overturned a Middle District of Florida decision that held patent claims to systems and methods for importing data into viewable form on a computer to be patent-ineligible under 35 U.S.C. § 101.  According to the majority opinion … Continue Reading

California Court Weighs In On Patent Venue In Multi-District States

As reported in our prior blog post, the Federal Circuit appears poised to decide whether a corporation can be sued for patent infringement in any federal district in its state of incorporation.  In a recent order in the Central District of California case of Realtime Data LLC v. Nexenta Systems, Inc., No. 2-17-cv-07690-28 SJO (JCx), the … Continue Reading

Another Domestic Industry Lesson For Section 337 Litigants

The requirement of establishing a “domestic industry” in articles protected by a patent is a unique and important aspect of Section 337 litigation.  Without it, the statute’s exclusionary remedies against imports that infringe a patent cannot be invoked.  The statute enumerates the types of activities that can satisfy the “economic prong” of the domestic industry … Continue Reading
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