Tag Archives: telecommunications

What makes an Electronic Communications Service? (Part 2)

On 13 June 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU“) published its ruling on the classification of Gmail in the EU following a request for a preliminary ruling from the German Courts. Gmail is a web-based email service, and is a type of “Over-The-Top” (“OTT”) service. The CJEU determined that Gmail is … Continue Reading

CJEU – General Retention of Traffic and Location Data is Incompatible with EU Law

On 21 December 2016, the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) issued a new ruling interpreting national laws in the UK and Sweden which obligate telecommunications operators to engage in the bulk collection of metadata associated with various forms of data communications transmissions.  The issues were referred to the CJEU by the UK and … Continue Reading